In the United States today, one in every 31 adults is under some form of penal control, including one in eleven African American men How did the land of the free become the home of the world s largest prison system Challenging the belief that America s prison problem originated with the Reagan administration s War on Drugs, Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source the social welfare programs of Lyndon Johnson s Great Society at the height of the civil rights era.Johnson s War on Poverty policies sought to foster equality and economic opportunity But these initiatives were also rooted in widely shared assumptions about African Americans role in urban disorder, which prompted Johnson to call for a simultaneous War on Crime The 1965 Law Enforcement Assistance Act empowered the national government to take a direct role in militarizing local police Federal anti crime funding soon incentivized social service providers to ally with police departments, courts, and prisons Under Richard Nixon and his successors, welfare programs fell by the wayside while investment in policing and punishment expanded Anticipating future crime, policy makers urged states to build new prisons and introduced law enforcement measures into urban schools and public housing, turning neighborhoods into targets of police surveillance.By the 1980s, crime control and incarceration dominated national responses to poverty and inequality The initiatives of that decade were less a sharp departure than the full realization of the punitive transformation of urban policy implemented by Republicans and Democrats alike since the 1960s. Best Read Books From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America by Elizabeth Hinton – tbjewellers.co.uk
Elizabeth Hinton is Assistant Professor in the Department History and the Department of African and African American Studies at Harvard University Hinton s research focuses on the persistence of poverty and racial inequality in the 20th century United States Her current scholarship considers the transformation of domestic social programs and urban policing after the Civil Rights Movement.In her forthcoming book, From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime The Making of Mass Incarceration in America with Harvard University Press , Hinton examines the implementation of federal law enforcement programs beginning in the mid 1960s that laid the groundwork for the mass incarceration of American citizens In revealing the links between the rise of the American carceral state and earlier anti poverty programs, Hinton presents Ronald Reagan s War on Drugs not as a sharp policy departure but rather as the full realization of a shift towards surveillance and confinement that began during the Johnson administration.Before joining the Harvard faculty, Hinton spent two years as a Postdoctoral Scholar in the Michigan Society of Fellows and Assistant Professor in the Department of Afroamerican and African Studies at the University of Michigan A Ford Foundation Fellow, Hinton completed her Ph.D in United States History from Columbia University in 2012.Hinton s articles and op eds can be found in the pages of the Journal of American History, the Journal of Urban History, and Time She also co edited The New Black History Revisiting the Second Reconstruction Palgrave Macmillan, 2011 with the late historian Manning Marable.
- 464 pages
- From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America
- Elizabeth Hinton
- 25 December 2019 Elizabeth Hinton