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Henry Fielding was born in Somerset in 1707 The son of an army lieutenant and a judge s daughter, he was educated at Eton School and the University of Leiden before returning to England where he wrote a series of farces, operas and light comedies.Fielding formed his own company and was running the Little Theatre, Haymarket, when one of his satirical plays began to upset the government The passing of the Theatrical Licensing Act in 1737 effectively ended Fielding s career as a playwright.In 1739 Fielding turned to journalism and became editor of The Champion He also began writing novels, including The Adventures of Joseph Andrews 1742 , Abraham Adams 1742 and Jonathan Wild 1743.Fielding was made a justice of the peace for Westminster and Middlesex in 1748 He campaigned against legal corruption and helped his half brother, Sir John Fielding, establish the Bow Street Runners.In 1749 Fielding s novel, The History of Tom Jones was published to public acclaim Critics agree that it is one of the greatest comic novels in the English language Fielding followed this success with another well received novel, Amelia 1751.Fielding continued as a journalist and his satirical journal, Covent Garden, continued to upset those in power Throughout his life, Fielding suffered from poor health and by 1752 he could not move without the help of crutches In an attempt to overcome his health problems, Henry Fielding went to live in Portugal but this was not successful and he died in Lisbon in 1754.
- Kindle Edition
- 240 pages
- The Works of Henry Fielding Edited by George Saintsbury in 12 Volumes $p Volume 12
- Henry Fielding
- 18 March 2018 Henry Fielding